NW Quadrant, East of Rock Creek, Lafayette Square, Architecturally Significant, Female, Journalists, LGBTQ, Translators

Rose Elizabeth Cleveland
(June 13, 1846 – November 22, 1918)

The White House, 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Lafayette Square neighborhood, DC. A National Historic Landmark.

Best remembered as First Lady for her bachelor elder brother Grover Cleveland during the first two years of his term, Cleveland found her official duties so tiresome that she was said to conjugate Greek verbs during White House receptions. Cleveland worked as a school teacher, and editor of the Chicago-based magazine Literary Life. She published a volume of essays, George Eliot’s Poetry and Other Studies (1885), a book of social commentary, You and I: Or Moral, Intellectual, and Social Culture (1886), a novel, The Long Run (1886), and a translation, The Soliloquies of St. Augustine (1910). In 1910, she moved to Italy to live with her lover, a wealthy widow named Evangeline Simpson Whipple, and died there during the 1918 influenza pandemic.

Architect: James Hoban (with Benjamin H. Latrobe). Year: 1803
Built of Aquia Creek sandstone, this 130-room Neoclassical mansion was largely destroyed by arson during the War of 1812, and reconstructed in 1817. Additions include the South Portico (1824), the North Portico (1829), the West Wing (1901), and the Oval Office (1909). In 1949, the inside was completely gutted to stabilize the building with steel framing. The grounds were designed by Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. in 1935. The mansion was named a National Historic Landmark in 1960.